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Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
  • Miskawayh on Animals poj©peeters-leuven.be

    Drawing on all the extant philosophical works of Miskawayh, including his well known <i>Refinement of Character</i>, this paper aims to determine his attitudes towards the psychological capacities and moral standing of non-human animals. Miskawayh most often mentions animals as a contrast to the rationality of humans, but also grants animals likenesses or lesser versions of typically human traits like virtues and friendship. It is argued that for Miskawayh, the teleological design of animals gives humans reasons to show them justice.

  • The Influence of the Stars on Women poj©peeters-leuven.be

    Thomas Aquinas seems to suggest, though implicitly, that in their ethical conduct the majority of women is much more conditioned by the movements of the stars than men. Although he frequently maintains that the stars solely move the body of <i>all</i> human beings (men and women alike), not the rational powers of their souls, they may have an impact on the human soul indirectly and occasionally (<i>indirecte et occasionaliter</i>). Only a few, to wit, the wise (i.e., those who exercise reason properly and are able to govern righteously) are independent of the influence of the celestial bodies. Even if women and men are both the image of God according to Aquinas, from an Aristotelian perspective, the female is considered a 'deficient man' (<i>mas occasionatus</i>). Therefore, the physical and psychic constitution of women is in principle much more susceptible to be governed by passions, and thus to be subject to a form of astral determinism. This, I argue, may compromise the freedom of choice and moral responsibility of most women.

  • Henry of Ghent on the Siege of Acre poj©peeters-leuven.be

  • From Psychological to Factual Use poj©peeters-leuven.be

  • Why is a House Nothing More than Stones and Pieces of Wood? poj©peeters-leuven.be

  • Peter de Trabibus on Creation and the Trinity poj©peeters-leuven.be

    This article studies question 1 of the <i>Quaestiones disputatae</i> found in the manuscript Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Conv. Soppr., D. 6. 359. I argue that Peter de Trabibus is the author of this interesting text. In addition, I show that the question exemplifies an exceptional view about the creation and the Trinity in late 13th-century discussions.

  • Review of Tobias Hoffmann, Free Will and the Rebel Angels in Medieval Philosophy poj©peeters-leuven.be

    Review article of Tobias Hoffmann, <i>Free Will and the Rebel Angels in Medieval Philosophy</i>, Cambridge 2021.

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