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szukane wyrażenie: Kania, W. | znaleziono 2 opisów(-y) | strona: 1 spośród: 1

autor: Kania, W.

tytuł: Konsekwencjalizm a wybrane kwestie etyki życia małżeńskiego i rodzinnego

Studia Teologiczne i Humanistyczne 1,2 (2011) 89-100

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słowa kluczowe: etyka małżeńskaetyka rodzinnakonsekwencjalizmgodność człowiekaaborcjaeutanazja

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Summary: Consequentialism and Selected Ethical Issues of Marriage and Family Life
In the last decades, we have been witnessing in the public forum, especially in the media, arguments of various proponents of abortion, euthanasia, contraception, in vitro fertilization and other ambiguous procedures, which are dangerous to the healthy moral life of marriage and family. The line of arguments of those who advocate in favor of these procedures uses many characteristic expressions: “greatest net good”, “lesser evil”, “best consequences”, “smallest net harm”, “greater balance of good over bad that could be expected from any other alternative”, “maximization of good”, etc. Undoubtedly, when we want to find any theoretical foundation for these expressions, we are to recognize their consequentialist roots. Consequentialism in its simplest form claims that the right action is the one which will produce the best overall outcome. All different forms of consequentialism (utilitarianism included) share a very attractive idea that what people have to do is to “minimize evil and maximize good”. However, consequentialists are not able to define what is good. Deeper analysis shows that the consequentialist theory is implausible for it is too simple and absurd. It does not recognize the psychology of human action and the possibility of changing a decision by a moral agent. This article proves that without a foundation in metaphysics, anthropology and a clear hierarchy of values crowned with the supreme value of human dignity, human actions are exposed to the unjustified arbitrary decisions which are able to destroy a sound marriage and family.

autor: Kania, W.

tytuł: Protokół z Groningen – nowe oblicze eugeniki

Studia Teologiczne i Humanistyczne 1,4 (2011) 70-82

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słowa kluczowe: bioetykaeugenikaProtokół z Groningeneutanazjacierpienie

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SUMMARY: The Groningen Protocol: the New Face of Eugenics
In 2005, the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine published an article dedicated to the euthanasia of severely ill newborn children. In this paper, two Dutch doctors, E. Verhagen and P. J. J. Sauer, presented the so-called Groningen Protocol which was introduced in 2002 at the University Hospital in Groningen. After proposing the classification of severely ill children into three different categories, the authors claim that, having in mind the best interest of patients in certain cases, a deliberate life-ending procedure should be performed. Among these “certain cases” are infants diagnosed with the most serious form of spina bifida, epidermolysis bullosa (a type of Hallopeau-Siemens) and extremely sick newborns who are expected to die after the intensive treatment was withdrawn but remained alive with severe suffering. In order to perform euthanasia, the following are necessary: a certain and independently confirmed diagnosis and prognosis about the presence of hopeless and unbearable suffering, predicted poor quality of life and parental agreement. Deliberate ending of life should be performed in accordance with state-of-the-art medical standards and reported to the local juridical authorities.
The aim of our article is to prove that the Dutch experience of the euthanizing of extremely ill newborns is a new form of eugenics. In the historical perspective, all attempts of classifying people with more or less quality of life bore bitter consequences including massive programs of euthanasia and leading even to the “final solution”. To act in the best interest of a suffering newborn should mean not only to eradicate pain but, most of all, to respect the principle ethical norm, i.e. the personal dignity of a human being.

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