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szukane wyrażenie: "Egipt" | znaleziono 3 opisów(-y) | strona: 1 spośród: 1

autor: Muc, A.

tytuł: Lament żałobny w koptyjskim Egipcie

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 42,1 (2009) 72-84

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słowa kluczowe: historia KościołaEgiptżałobakultura koptyjska

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The lamentation ritual - filled with crying, dramatic gestures and shrieks - is common in many cultures. One of the best examples is ancient Egypt where this custom was part of qereset nefret - "the good/beautiful burial" - and is represented on many reliefs and paintings. This tradition was continued in Egypt in Greco-Roman period. Some literary sources suggest that the custom was also practiced in Christian times even though the Church officially banned it. The lives of St. Pachomius and St. Shenoute of Atripe mention that the monks were mourning at the moment of their superior's death. The dirges recited by them contain two main elements: the praise of the dead and the complaint of the living who feel abandoned and call themselves orphans. This fact corresponds well with the ethnological data from many other cultures where the dirge is constructed of the same elements. The text of the dirge was placed sometimes on the Coptic funerary stelae. The inscriptions of this kind come from the Antinoe area and can be dated back to the second half of 8th century. Mostly they are autobiographical texts, describing death as a tragedy and using quotations from the Old Testament. They show similarities to many of the ancient Egyptian dirges. It is possible that the lamentation rituals were practiced in the Coptic period although the sources are too scant to state it with certainty or to describe the range of this custom in Christian times.

autor: Muc, A.

tytuł: Śmierć i pogrzeb w chrześcijańskim Egipcie (IV-VIII wiek)

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 45,2 (2012) 245-256

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słowa kluczowe: patrologiaEgiptkoptowieśmierć

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Death and Funeral in Christian Egypt (4th-8th c. AD)
The funerary customs in Christian Egypt did not differ much from those practiced in other parts of the Christian world: the grave and the body itself were located on the east-west axis and the head of the dead person was situated on the western side; the burial equipment was absent or scarce; the commemoration of the dead was celebrated on fixed dates. However, the influence of the local ancient tradition was still strong. The ancient Egyptian form of mummification was not practiced anymore, but in many cases pieces of natron were observed on the bodies. Some of the literary sources confirm the fact that preserving the body of the dead person in its integral condition was still an important issue. Crux ansata – one of the most popular symbols used in the decoration of funerary stelae – takes its shape from the ancient Egyptian sign ankh. The visions of the netherworld as described in apocrypha resemble the old Egyptian pictures of hell. Some of the Christian customs – like the ritual lamentation – are similar to those known in ancient Egypt but should be considered more as part of the Middle Eastern or Mediterranean tradition.

autor: Piwowarczyk, P.

tytuł: Greckie i koptyjskie Męczeństwo św. Menasa. Wstęp i przekład z komentarzem

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 51,2 (2018) 361-375

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słowa kluczowe: Menas, św.Egiptmęczeństwo

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Greek and Coptic Martyrdom of Saint Menas. An Introduction and Translation with Commentary
In the late antiquity, a cult of St. Menas was widespread over the whole Roman world, and his sanctuary in Abu Mena was a centre of a bustling pilgrimage movement. In the course of time, a significant hagiographic dossier has been created around the figure of the Saint. The paper presents two basic texts which are martyr passions. The Greek text originated plausibly in the 5th century. It contains the version of the Menas’ martyrdom that was the most prominent in the Greek and Latin world. The Coptic text, although preserved only fragmentarily, shows how the vernacular Egyptian flavour and the tradition of the Abu Mena contributed to the Saint Menas’ legend.

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