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szukane wyrażenie: "egzegeza patrystyczna" | znaleziono 2 opisów(-y) | strona: 1 spośród: 1

autor: Kamczyk, W.

tytuł: Przypowieść o kąkolu w pszenicy (Mt 13,24-30.36-43) w duszpasterskiej interpretacji św. Augustyna

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 48,1 (2015) 101-123

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słowa kluczowe: AugustynEwangelia Mateuszapatrologiaegzegeza patrystyczna

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The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares (Matthew 13,24-30.36-43) in pastoral interpretation of St. Augustine
The problem of “sanctity” of the Church belongs to those theological topics which, despite the passage of centuries, remain valid. While pondering on the issue St. Augustine found the parable of the Wheat and the Tares extremely valuable (Matthew 13,24-30.36-43). In the interpretation both the issues related to ecclesiology and problematic aspects of heresy occupied a lot of space. Nevertheless, in the foreground of his homilies he exposed pastoral issues and suggestions as how believers should act facing the problem of imperfection and sin in the Church. The preacher reads the symbol of grains and tares as the good and bad members of the community. This intermix refers to any ecclesiastical environment and its sensibility is an indicator of vitality of the community. A separate place in the interpretation of the pericope was occupied by heretics who excluded themselves from the community. Specifically, Donatists wanted to consider the Church as a community free of sinners, for that is why they objected to the Teachings of Christ, who called to refrain from premature separation.
The pastoral teaching of St. Augustine was focused on members of the ecclesial community, among whom there were good and bad Christians. Those outraged by offensive situations he pleaded for patience, forgiveness and tolerance. Those, whose attitude was close to tares were exhorted to converse. He encouraged good grains to fidelity and perseverance recalling that on the land of the Lord the change is always possible. The appraisal of deeds and life of Christians he enjoined to leave until the Day of Judgment, when there will be a final and infallible separation since there will be a reward for those faithful and righteous.

autor: Słomka, J.

tytuł: Marcelego z Ancyry interpretacja Prz 8,22-30

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 44,1 (2011) 38-44

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słowa kluczowe: teologia patrystycznaMarceli z AncyryIV wiekegzegeza patrystycznaarianizmKsięga Przysłów

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Interpretation of Prov 8:22-30 by Marcellus of Ancyra. Summary
Prov 8:22-30 is one of the key Bible texts for the Arian controversy. The words “made” and “begets”, used for describing the origin of Wisdom in the Septuagint, became a significant argument for the theory of the creation of the Logos in Arius’ doctrine. According to Arius, the text refers to the fact that Logos was begotten or, in other words, created before the creation of the world. In his polemic with Arius, Athanasius made a difference between the meanings of the two words: according to him, “begets” referred to the Logos being born of God before the ages, while the word “created” referred to the Incarnation. Marcellus, an anti-Arian polemist and Athanasius’ follower, took a different route.
He claimed that both words had an identical meaning, however, they did not refer to the pre-eternal birth – creation, but to the moment of the Incarnation, the creation of the body the Logos took on. Marcellus did not acknowledge the concept of birth from God, and that assumption led him to apply some elements of Origen’s allegorical exegesis in his own exegesis of the discussed text, though he considered Origen as a major heretic.

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