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szukane wyrażenie: "patrologia" | znaleziono 40 opisów(-y) | strona: 1 spośród: 4

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autor: Chłopowiec, M.

tytuł: Przesłanie pokutne "Pasterza" Hermasa

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 45,2 (2012) 215-230

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słowa kluczowe: patrologiaPasterzHermaspokuta

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Penitential Message in The Shepherd of Hermas
Apart from the “Didache”, the “Shepherd” of Hermas belongs to the oldest Christian literary works because it dates back to the middle of the 2nd century. Its content is not always easily understood on this account that the subject of the theology of penance (together with its liturgical aspect) shows at that time preliminary outline, which makes difficult and many times just makes impossible the verification of the assumed theoretical and practical as well as factual and pastoral guidelines. Certainly it will not be justified to attribute the role of an author and pioneer of the theology of penance to Hermas at the beginning of the Christian antiquity because he depicts himself in a biblical criteria already formulated in the Old Testament. However the “Shepherd” of Hermas as the first document entirely dedicated to the subject of the theology of penance outlines important scope of the later theological reflection on the presented subject (the aspects of the penance are: psychological and moral, redemptive and sacramental). The penance is compared to the baptism because by taking away the results of mortal sins it opens the doors to begin anew the way of remaining faithful to the commitments resolved there.

autor: Drogosz, M.

tytuł: Cyprian, biskup Kartaginy wobec swego kleru (w świetle jego listów)

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 18 (1985) 149-167

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słowa kluczowe: Cyprianpatrologiaduchowni

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Die Briefe des Cyprian von Karthago, eine Quelle, derer man sich bei dieser Bearbeitung bediente, ermöglichen unter anderem die Wiedergabe des Verhältnisses des Bischofs von Karthago zur niederen Geistlichkeit dieser Kirche. Auf eine ganz besondere Weise enthüllen dieses Verhältnis die während der Zeit der Verfolgung geschriebene Briefe, als Cyprian ausserhalb der Stadt Karthago weilte. Cyprian richtete damals sein Augenmerk nicht nur auf eine bestimmte Einstellung, sondern ebenfalls auf die Befolgung der schon vorher ausgearbeiteten Regeln des kirchlichen Gehorsams. Die Briefe aus der Zeit des Schisma des Felicissimus zeigen auf welche Weise Cyprian seine Autorität gegen die Geistlichkeit verteidigte. Auch die zahlreichen Bemerkungen über die Priesterkandidaten weisen darauf hin, welche Eigenschaften Cyprian von seinen Priestern erwartete. Die Analyse der Briefe zeigte auf, dass Cyprian sich oft auf das schon früher erarbeitete Vorbild eines Geistlichen berufen hat, aber als Seelsorger passte er diesen Gehorsam auch den Bedürfnissen des kirchlichen Lebens an. Obwohl er sich seiner Autorität bewusst war, hat er sich ebenfalls auf die Selbständigkeit seiner Geistlichen berufen.

autor: Duży, L.

tytuł: Polemika Celsusa z chrześcijaństwem jako inwektywa

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 18 (1985) 169-180

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słowa kluczowe: patrologiaCelsusgatunki literackie

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Dans les premiers siècles d'existence le christianisme se rencontrait avec une sévère polémique de la part des adeptes de la religion paiene. La plus grave critique de l'instruction de Jésus-Christ dans II-ieme siècle s'est effectuée dans l'oeuvre Parole de la vérité. Pour le lecteur contemporain c'est intéressant de voir comment Celsus attaqua le christianisme. Ce sont des formes d'argumentation tres agressives qu'il utilise dans son oeuvre. Le contenu de reproches de Celsus on peut l'analyser sous les différents aspects, mais ce qui est intéressant pour nous c'est de suivre l'idée directrice de cette oeuvre. Beaucoup de signes et de traits du style prouvent que l'auteur se servait de la forme littéraire nommé l'invective. Le vocabulaire dans les polémiques de ce type-la provenait surtout du langage populaire de la ville ou de la campagne. Si Celsus dans son oeuvre utilisait vraiment le canon de l'invective, la forme de ses reproches était moins radicale on peut dire même qu'elle était beaucoup plus douce. L'analyse du texte nous fait penser surtout que Celsus ne profitait que du schéma de l'invective. En même temps il y a des éléments et des fragments du texte qui en sont la négation.

autor: Jasiewicz, A.

tytuł: Św. Jan Klimak O wyrzeczeniu się świata (Scala paradisi. Gradus Primus. De abdicatione ritae saecularis. Patrologia graeca 88, 632-644)

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 44,1 (2011) 198-206

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słowa kluczowe: Jan Klimakmonastycyzmmnichhezychiawyrzeczenie się świata

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There is not too much known about the life of St. John Climacus. According to most, he was born approximately around the time 579 AD and died around 649 AD . He was sixteen years old when he first came to Sinai where there already existed a well established monastic life. After forty years as a hermit, St. John, against his will, was elected abbot at the central monastery of Sinai. It is not known how long he continued in his office as abbot but it was during the last period of his life that he composed The Ladder of Divine Ascent, at the request of another John, the superior of a nearby monastery at Raithu. The Ladder was written by a solitary for cenobites. Although written primarily for monastics, St. John affirms God’s universal love for the monastic and non-monastic alike, also pointing out that celibacy is in no way a requirement for purity. The ladder has thirty steps, each symbolizing a year in the hidden life of Christ before his baptism. It begins with the basic notion of turning or conversion, continuing with a detailed analysis of the virtues and vices, and then ending with union with God. This translation describe the first level of spiritual life: on renunciation of the world.

autor: Jasiewicz, A.

tytuł: Święty Marek Mnich, "O Prawie duchowym" (De lege spirituali. Sources Chrétiennes 445, s. 75-129)

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 45,2 (2012) 257-272

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słowa kluczowe: patrologiafilokalia

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Mark the Monk, On the Spiritual Law (De lege spirituali. Sources Chrétiennes 445, s. 75-129)
The brief work here translated is the most known legacy of St Mark the Monk. Mark is known to the modern reader, if he is known at all, as the author of three works found in St Nikodimos the Hagiorite’s Philokalia: “Letter to the Monk Nicholas”, “On the Spiritual Law” and “On Those Who Think They are Justified by Their Works”. In “Spiritual Law” Mark insists that Christian freedom necessarily means, not lawlessness, but obedience to Christ’s “law of liberty”. The aim of this translation is therefore to make Mark’s complete work accessible in Polish.

autor: Kamczyk, W.

tytuł: Przypowieść o kąkolu w pszenicy (Mt 13,24-30.36-43) w duszpasterskiej interpretacji św. Augustyna

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 48,1 (2015) 101-123

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słowa kluczowe: AugustynEwangelia Mateuszapatrologiaegzegeza patrystyczna

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The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares (Matthew 13,24-30.36-43) in pastoral interpretation of St. Augustine
The problem of “sanctity” of the Church belongs to those theological topics which, despite the passage of centuries, remain valid. While pondering on the issue St. Augustine found the parable of the Wheat and the Tares extremely valuable (Matthew 13,24-30.36-43). In the interpretation both the issues related to ecclesiology and problematic aspects of heresy occupied a lot of space. Nevertheless, in the foreground of his homilies he exposed pastoral issues and suggestions as how believers should act facing the problem of imperfection and sin in the Church. The preacher reads the symbol of grains and tares as the good and bad members of the community. This intermix refers to any ecclesiastical environment and its sensibility is an indicator of vitality of the community. A separate place in the interpretation of the pericope was occupied by heretics who excluded themselves from the community. Specifically, Donatists wanted to consider the Church as a community free of sinners, for that is why they objected to the Teachings of Christ, who called to refrain from premature separation.
The pastoral teaching of St. Augustine was focused on members of the ecclesial community, among whom there were good and bad Christians. Those outraged by offensive situations he pleaded for patience, forgiveness and tolerance. Those, whose attitude was close to tares were exhorted to converse. He encouraged good grains to fidelity and perseverance recalling that on the land of the Lord the change is always possible. The appraisal of deeds and life of Christians he enjoined to leave until the Day of Judgment, when there will be a final and infallible separation since there will be a reward for those faithful and righteous.

autor: Kamczyk, W.

tytuł: Juda i Tamar (Rdz 38,6-26) w alegorycznej egzegezie św. Zenona z Werony

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 51,1 (2018) 42-63

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słowa kluczowe: egzegeza alegorycznaZenon z Werony, św.patrologiaKsięga Rodzaju

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Judah and Tamar (Gen. 38, 6-26) in the Allegorical Exegesis of Saint Zeno of Verona
In the preaching activity, Saint Zeno of Verona, like many pastors of his time, repeatedly used biblical passages in order to instruct the faithful and to convey the most essential truths of the faith. In the context of catechumens’ preparation for baptism he also included the Old Testament story about Judah and Tamar. The article is an attempt to analyse the exegesis of the biblical passage made for a pastoral usage by the Bishop of Verona. He indicates how the allegorical reading of the text helped the preacher to present the most important threats to the religiousness of the catechumens and the need to convert and to receive the sacraments of faith. Finally, Saint Zeno presents the vision of the Church – the new People of God, that he discovered in the biblical character of Tamar.

autor: Kurek, J.

tytuł: Saint Ephrem the Syrian: Sacred Time and Historical Time Seen from a Crossroads of Cultures

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 50,1 (2017) 19-28

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słowa kluczowe: Efrem Syryjczykpatrologiaczas

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The paper focuses on the subject of time in the writings of the 4th c entury t heologian Ephrem the Syrian, regarded as the most remarkable poet- theologian of the patristic era. After introducing Ephrem’s basic distinction between historical and sacred time, it examines some examples of the theologian’s understanding time in terms of God’s activity towards humanity, where its different levels apparently located in a long span of time strikingly converge into single unit. In the later part it embarks upon exploration of the possibility of entering into sacred time by any human being. In Ephrem’s conception this presupposes a constant co-operation between God and human being that is a real human engagement. Within the framework of this attempt it specifically takes into consideration the mystery of Christ’s Passion through which humanity can acquire access to a different epistemic level. It argues using a technical term key as a useful device allowing the goal to be attained. As a conclusion it claims the sacramental life of the Church, notably the Eucharist, to be a re-presentation o f w hat h appened h istorically a t Golgotha, thus standing for a visible element of sacred time which may be experienced whilst living within historical time.

autor: Lach-Bartlik, L.

tytuł: In Christi figura – z zagadnień języka Apponiusza

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 48,1 (2015) 87-100

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słowa kluczowe: ApponiuszPieśń nad Pieśniamiegzegeza alegorycznapatrologia

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In Christi figura – a review of Apponius’ language
Expositio in Canticum Canticorum by Apponius is a patristic commentary on one of the books of the Old Testament. However, while reading the text of Expositio, one finds there many references to the concepts from the New Testament and theological ideas. The research problem is an attempt to define the term figure, which was employed by Apponius with reference to Christ, and to name his exegetical method: how Apponius commenting on the Song of Songs, relates it to the New Testament. After the analysis of employment of the term figure, one may distinguish three meanings of this term. Figure as a form of symbolic language refers to the allegorical method of interpretation of the Bible. Figure may be also a metaphor revealing the divine reality. Finally, a figure combining both testaments may relate to the typology.

autor: Muc, A.

tytuł: Dni wspomnienia zmarłych w tradycji wczesnochrześcijańskiej

Śląskie Studia Historyczno-Teologiczne 43,1 (2010) 45-51

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słowa kluczowe: patrologiamodlitwa za zmarłychśmierćAmbroży z Mediolanuliturgikarok liturgiczny

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The Da ys of Co mmemoration of the Dead. Summary
In the recently published Polish translation of De obitu Theodosii by St Ambrose of Milan, we find an inaccuracy concerning the days of commemoration of the dead. The Latin sentence: Et quia alii tertium diem et tricesimum, alii septimum et quadragesimum obseruare consuerunt informs us that some of the Christians observed the third and thirtieth day after death as the day of prayers for their departed while others observed the seventh and fortieth day. However, the Polish editors of the text suggest a different translation: the thirty-third and the forty- seventh day after death. This interpretation is correct from a grammatical point of view but it does not find any confirmation or support in other Christian literary sources. The Apostolic Constitutions – in its Greek, Coptic or Ethiopic version – recommend to Christians to celebrate the third, ninth and thirtieth (fortieth) day after death. The Egyptian monks and nuns from the St Shenoute of Atripe community observed the third, seventh and thirtieth day, as well as the anniversary in terms of prayers for the dead. The tradition of celebrating the third, seventh, ninth, thirtieth and fortieth day has its roots in pagan (mainly Greek-Roman) and Jewish culture and was easily adapted by the Christian Church, especially that some of these dates (third, seventh and thirtieth day) can relate to the text of the Bible. There were some differences between particular regions of the Christian world but it seems that neither of them observed the thirty-third or forty-seventh day as a commemoration of the dead.

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